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Título : Natural Biflavonoids Modulate Macrophage-Oxidized LDL Interaction In Vitro and Promote Atheroprotection In Vivo
Autor : Lara Guzmán, Oscar Javier
Tabares Guevara, Jorge Humberto
Sierra Restrepo, Jelver Alexander
Londoño Londoño, Julián Alberto
Álvarez Quintero, Rafael Mariano
León Varela, Yudy Milena
Osorio Durango, Edison Javier
Ramírez Pineda, José Robinson
Palabras clave : Garcinia madruno
Foam cell
Oxidized LDL
Fecha de publicación : 2017
Editorial : Frontiers Research Foundation
Citación : Tabares-Guevara JH, Lara-Guzmán OJ, Londoño-Londoño JA, Sierra JA, León-Varela YM, Álvarez-Quintero RM, Osorio EJ, Ramirez-Pineda JR. Natural Biflavonoids Modulate Macrophage-Oxidized LDL Interaction In Vitro and Promote Atheroprotection In Vivo. Front Immunol. 2017 Aug 4;8:923
Abstract : The accumulation of oxidized ApoB-100-containing lipoproteins in the vascular intima and its subsequent recognition by macrophages results in foam cell formation and inflammation, key events during atherosclerosis development. Agents targeting this process are considered potentially atheroprotective. Since natural biflavonoids exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, we evaluated the atheroprotective effect of biflavonoids obtained from the tropical fruit tree Garcinia madruno. To this end, the pure biflavonoid aglycones morelloflavone (Mo) and volkensiflavone (Vo), as well as the morelloflavone's glycoside fukugiside (Fu) were tested in vitro in primary macrophages, whereas a biflavonoid fraction with defined composition (85% Mo, 10% Vo, and 5% Amentoflavone) was tested in vitro and in vivo. All biflavonoid preparations were potent reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay, and most importantly, protected low-density lipoprotein particle from both lipid and protein oxidation. In biflavonoid-treated macrophages, the surface expression of the oxidized LDL (oxLDL) receptor CD36 was significantly lower than in vehicle-treated macrophages. Uptake of fluorescently labeled oxLDL and cholesterol accumulation were also attenuated in biflavonoid-treated macrophages and followed a pattern that paralleled that of CD36 surface expression. Fu and Vo inhibited oxLDL-induced ROS production and interleukin (IL)-6 secretion, respectively, whereas all aglycones, but not the glucoside Fu, inhibited the secretion of one or more of the cytokines IL-1β, IL-12p70, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages. Interestingly, in macrophages primed with low-dose LPS and stimulated with cholesterol crystals, IL-1β secretion was significantly and comparably inhibited by all biflavonoid preparations. Intraperitoneal administration of the defined biflavonoid fraction into ApoE-/- mice was atheroprotective, as evidenced by the reduction of the atheromatous lesion size and the density of T cells and macrophages infiltrating the aortic root; moreover, this treatment also lowered the circulating levels of cholesterol and the lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde. These results reveal the potent atheroprotective effects exerted by biflavonoids on key events of the oxLDL-macrophage interphase: (i) atheroligand formation, (ii) atheroreceptor expression, (iii) foam cell transformation, and (iv) prooxidant/proinflammatory macrophage response. Furthermore, our results also evidence the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hypolipemiant, and atheroprotective effects of Garcinia madruno's biflavonoids in vivo.
Grupo de INV. : Grupo de Investigación en Sustancias Bioactivas (GISB)
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10495/11641
ISSN : 16643224 E
Aparece en las colecciones: Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas

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