Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/10495/12861
Título : Factores de riesgo cardiovascular en adolescentes de 10 a 17 años escolarizados de la ciudad de Medellín, 2015
Otros títulos : Cardiovascular risk factors in 10 to 17 years old adolescent students from the city of Medellín, 2015
Autor : Cardona Gómez, Jason
metadata.dc.subject.*: Adolescentes
Enfermedades cardiovasculares
Factores de riesgo
Capacidad cardiovascular
Medellín
Fecha de publicación : 2019
Editorial : Universidad de Antioquia, Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública
Citación : Cardona-Gómez J. Factores de riesgo cardiovascular en adolescentes de 10 a 17 años escolarizados de la ciudad de Medellín, 2015. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública. 2019;37(3):34-43. doi: 10.17533/udea.rfnsp.v37n3a05
Resumen : Objective: To quantify the prevalence of certain cardiovascular risk factors in 10 to 17 years old students from Medellín. Methodology: Cross-sectional study, developed in 2015, in a convenience sample of 917 adolescents (between 10 and 17 years old) from four public schools and a private school. The study included anthropometric assessments (weight, height, waist and hip circumference), assessment of cardiorespiratory capacity and systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements. Results: The proportion of overweight and obesity was 17.6 % and 4.3 %; abdominal obesity was 9.2 %; maximum oxygen uptake was higher in men than in women (44.98 vs. 40.14 ml/kg/min); global high blood pressure was 17.9 % and increased with height. When increasing age by one year, the possibility of becoming obese decreases by 54 %. Having abdominal obesity increases the possibility of becoming obese by 22 times. When increasing hip circumference by 1 cm, the risk of obesity increases by 25 %. When increasing age by one year, as well as increasing the systolic blood pressure by 1 mmHg, the possibility of being in a poor physical condition increases by 12 %, and 2 %, respectively. When increasing the BMI by 1 kg / m2 and having abdominal obesity, the risk of being in poor physical condition increases by 13 % and 61 %, respectively. Conclusions: A high proportion of cardiovascular risk factors was found, especially overweight, abdominal obesity, high blood pressure and poor physical condition. These may increase mortality due to cardiovascular diseases in the long term.
metadata.dc.identifier.eissn: 2256-3334
ISSN : 0120-386X
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.17533/udea.rfnsp.v37n3a05
Aparece en las colecciones: FNSP (Centro de Investigación de la Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública)

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