Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/10495/5183
Título : Salud y riesgos ocupacionales por el manejo de plaguicidas en campesinos agricultores, municipio de Marinilla, Antioquia, 2009
Otros títulos : Health and occupational risks due to pesticide handling among agricultural workers in marinilla, antioquia, 2009
Autor : Tabares López, Juan Carlos
López Arango, Yolanda Lucía
metadata.dc.subject.*: Factores de riesgo laboral
Plaguicidas - Toxicología
Salud ocupacional
Autocuidado
Agricultores
Marinilla (Antioquia)
Fecha de publicación : 2011
Editorial : Universidad de Antioquia, Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública
Citación : Tabares JC, López YL. Salud y riesgos ocupacionales por el manejo de plaguicidas en campesinos agricultores, municipio de Marinilla, Antioquia, 2009. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública 2011; 29(4): 432-444.
Resumen : The agricultural sector has played a key role in the development of Colombia’s economy and rural communities. The Marinilla municipality, located in the eastern area of the department of Antioquia, bases its economy in agriculture and livestock activities. This requires the use of a wide variety of chemical products that pose health risks. Objective: to describe the occupational and health risks of the farmers who use pesticides in Marinilla. Methodology: a descriptive study with multistage sampling and a sample of 157 farmers. Results: 64.9% of the farmers combine more than two chemicals. 83% of them have received no training on safe handling of agricultural chemical products. Approximately 80% of these individuals do not use the appropriate protective equipment to perform this task. Only 2.5 % of the farmers have occupational risks insurance. The most common disease was acute respiratory infection (78%). 22.3% have suffered from acute intoxication, and 14% (11) of the female farmers who have ever been intoxicated had abortions, premature births, or bore children with some kind of disability. A statistically significant difference was found between the age of farmers and pesticide usage time. No statistical difference was found between low schooling level and knowledge of the risks posed by chemical products. Conclusion: most agricultural workers have not been trained in safety standards; therefore, they disregard all kinds of safety measures during their work, and act without safety in mind and without personal hygiene habits.
ISSN : 0120386X
22563334 E
Aparece en las colecciones: FNSP (Centro de Investigación de la Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública)

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