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Título : Magnetic shielding of exomoons beyond the circumplanetary habitable edge
Autor : Heller, René
Zuluaga Callejas, Jorge Iván
Palabras clave : Astrobiología
Mecánica celeste
Campos magnéticos
Planetas
Satélites
Fecha de publicación : 2013
Editorial : American Astronomical Society
Citación : Heller, R., & Zuluaga Callejas, J. I. (2013). Magnetic shielding of exomoons beyond the circumplanetary habitable edge. Astrophysical Journal. 776, 1-6. DOI:10.1088/2041-8205/776/2/L33
Abstract : With most planets and planetary candidates detected in the stellar habitable zone (HZ) being super-Earths and gas giants rather than Earth-like planets, we naturally wonder if their moons could be habitable. The first detection of such an exomoon has now become feasible, and due to observational biases it will be at least twice as massive as Mars. However, formation models predict that moons can hardly be as massive as Earth. Hence, a giant planet’s magnetosphere could be the only possibility for such a moon to be shielded from cosmic and stellar high-energy radiation. Yet, the planetary radiation belt could also have detrimental effects on exomoon habitability. Here we synthesize models for the evolution of the magnetic environment of giant planets with thresholds from the runaway greenhouse (RG) effect to assess the habitability of exomoons. For modest eccentricities, we find that satellites around Neptune-sized planets in the center of the HZ around K dwarf stars will either be in an RG state and not be habitable, or they will be in wide orbits where they will not be affected by the planetary magnetosphere. Saturn-like planets have stronger fields, and Jupiter-like planets could coat close-in habitable moons soon after formation. Moons at distances between about 5 and 20 planetary radii from a giant planet can be habitable from an illumination and tidal heating point of view, but still the planetary magnetosphere would critically influence their habitability.
Grupo de INV. : Grupo de Fisica y Astrofisica Computacional (FACOM)
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10495/8529
ISSN : 0004-637X
1538-4357 E
Aparece en las colecciones: CIEN (Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Exactas y Naturales)

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